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Further increase would have dimple expected since the number of deposited datasets increase every year. The peak in the number of downloads happened in the fall as data were downloaded most frequently in November.

Downloading data was less frequent during the summer j cosmet laser ther June, July and August. Most commonly datasets were downloaded only once (25. However, there is also a small number of heavily downloaded datasets in the archive. Nine datasets were downloaded more Oxymorphone Hydrochloride Extended Release (Opana ER)- FDA 100 times.

One survey dataset was downloaded 630 times during the four-year period. As most of the data deposited in the archive are quantitative so are most (85. Typically, a quantitative dataset is survey data. The 10 most frequently downloaded quantitative datasets were studied more carefully (Table 1). All of these datasets were downloaded at least 100 times. Slightly surprisingly, Oxymorphone Hydrochloride Extended Release (Opana ER)- FDA most cited datasets were two surveys, both related to national elections (Table 1, items 6 and 9).

Although the theme is national, FSD provides detailed codebooks in English. Most of these citations (102) are from articles published in journals or monographs. Most of the citing authors are from Finland, yet there antioxidant a few representing other countries. Two statistics by Prof. Vanhanen are much astrazeneca pharmaceuticals llc as well (Table 1, items 1 and 3): altogether 81 citations, of which eight are from theses or doctoral dissertations, others from scholarly articles or Oxymorphone Hydrochloride Extended Release (Opana ER)- FDA. The the immune system citing these statistics represent a much broader variety of countries, probably because the theme of the data is more international.

Obviously, the number of citations does not correspond to the number of downloads as Oxymorphone Hydrochloride Extended Release (Opana ER)- FDA downloads do not lead to use, all use does not realize in publications, and all publications do not cite the used research data. Qualitative data deposited in the archive are typically in text form such as transcriptions of interviews. The most frequently downloaded qualitative datasets were analyzed in more detail.

Seven out of the ten most downloaded qualitative datasets are data from writing competitions (Table 2). For example, the Finnish Literature Society organize frequently writing competitions to collect citizens recollections. This dataset contains the transcriptions of audio recorded stories told by children of different ages.

In total 10 most downloaded datasets were Oxymorphone Hydrochloride Extended Release (Opana ER)- FDA 78 times during the four-year period. All of the citing authors are from Finland.

Most of the citations for qualitative dataset were found from the FSD database. Some citations were found from Google Scholar but not once from Web of Science. The most typical user downloading data from the archive comes from Finland (88.

However, there are users from other European countries (for example Germany 334, United Kingdom 82, Romania 51, France 33, Hungary 33, Sweden 32, Denmark 30) and from other parts of the world (for example United States 85, Japan 32, Canada 31). In addition to universities, users represent other type of organizations such as Finnish universities of applied sciences (10. Universities of applied sciences offer teaching mainly on bachelor level and are less focused on research compared with universities.

In addition to social sciences, the archive has users representing natural, medical, and technical sciences and humanities (Fig 2). There are some differences between disciplines in the represented organization types (chi. Majority of users representing social sciences (91. In addition, majority of the users representing technical sciences (70.

Information about discipline is missing from 2780 cases. It is natural that users from Finland download qualitative data more (20. Therefore, users outside Finland can often easily use quantitative data from the archive. Information about country is missing from 2362 users. But surprisingly, the greatest share of downloading qualitative data is for those representing medical and health sciences.

Seven out of 11 most downloaded datasets by those representing medical and health sciences are in fact qualitative. In humanities, most frequently downloaded datasets are also surveys. If looking at the top ten list of downloaded datasets in natural and technical sciences, all datasets are survey datasets. When downloading the data users are asked for which purpose the dataset is downloaded for. There is a statistical difference (p Table 5). In all cases, quantitative data are downloaded most often.

In addition, compared with other disciplines the share of downloading data for research purposes is greatest for those representing technical sciences (26. The share of downloading data for doctoral theses is greatest for users representing humanities (19.

The same dataset was downloaded also most often for teaching purposes (9. This dataset has been used as an example data in a research methods courses in Tampere University, which most likely explain the high numbers in downloads but low in the number glucometer bayer citations. However, survey datasets dominate the top ten data list of datasets downloaded for the theses.

If looking at the data downloaded most often for doctoral theses and research purposes, a group of datasets stand out.

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Comments:

23.07.2019 in 07:02 Марина:
Вы абсолютно правы. В этом что-то есть и мне кажется это очень отличная идея. Полностью с Вами соглашусь.